Turkey is located between Western Asia (the Anatolian peninsula) and Southeastern Europe (the Balkans). Two straits separate these two continents: the Dardanelles and the Bosphorus. This geography puts Turkey at the meeting point of three important regions: the Balkans, the Caucasus and the Middle East.
Turkey is surrounded by the Black Sea to the north, the Aegean Sea to the west and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. There is an inner sea, the Marmara, on the north western part of the country.
Izmir lies on the Aegean coast, at the head of the Gulf of Izmir about 200 miles (320 km) southwest of Istanbul. Turkey’s Aegean coast is beautiful, historic and agriculturally rich. Izmir’s geographical location brings many advantages: Izmir enjoys a Mediterranean climate plus natural beauty, a rich cultural and historical heritage, beaches, thermal waters and spas.
Having a total land area of 11,973 km2, İzmir is composed of the following districts: Aliağa, Balçova, Bayındır, Bergama, Beydağ, Bornova, Buca, Çeşme, Çiğli, Dikili, Foça, Gaziemir, Güzelbahçe, Karaburun, Karşıyaka, Kemalpaşa, Kınık, Kiraz, Konak, Menderes, Menemen, Narlıdere, Ödemiş, Seferihisar, Selçuk, Tire, Torbalı and Urla.